Learning Disabilities

The Purpose for My Wiki:
My topic is learning disabilities! I chose this topic because I have observed that the use of medications for a learning disability among college students is a big deal. Kids will use the medication weather they have an actual diagnosed disability. With all of the attention around this topic, I was curious to look deeper than the medication itself and look at the use of the medication; the learning disabilities.
I hope to explore the different types of learning disabilities and how they are diagnosed in patients. I also hope to explore the treatment options of them and how much progress has been made in the general area; advancements in treatment, research ect. Learning disabilities are a prevalent thing in my family and it has been a topic that I have always been curious about.

What is a Learning Disability:



Types of Learning Disabilties:
  • Dyslexia: reading----------------------------------------------------------------> Dyslexia Simulation
  • Dysgraphia: writing
  • Dyscalculia: math
  • Dysparxia: fine motor skills
  • Dysphasia/Aphasia: Language
  • ADD/ADHD: Super hyperactive, can't keep focus
  • Autism: developmental disorder

How to Diagnose an LD:
There are steps that can be taken before formal testing. According to the National Center for Learning Disabilities, it is suggested to start with either a Pre-Referral Intervention approach or a Response to Intervention (RTI) approach. Avention is when a team of teachers, school personnel, and a school psychologist will all sit down and discuss ways in which the individual learn better. They discuss different procedures and practices that could be implemented within the classroom. An RTI is the same action but it is inclusive of all students within the classroom, not just targeting the one who is struggling.

Otherwise, there is the Comprehensive Education Evaluation, which is a much more formal procedure that would include:
  • Parent and child interview
  • Direct classroom observation
  • Review of the child's educational and medical history
  • Series of test to determine strength and weaknesses
  • Information gathering from teachers and professors who work with the child.

What do they look like:
external image IMG_20130208_072246_579.jpg Dysgraphia

external image img00001.gif Dyslexia

external image Kid+bouncing+off+walls.jpeg ADHD

external image dyscalculia.jpg Dyscalculia

Treatment and Hope for the Future:
"Science has made great strides in understanding the inner workings of the brain, and one important discovery that brings new hope for learning disabilities and disorders is called neuroplasticity. Neuroplasticity refers to the brain’s natural, lifelong ability to change. Throughout life, the brain is able to form new connections and generate new brain cells in response to experience and learning. This knowledge has led to groundbreaking new treatments for learning disabilities that take advantage of the brain’s ability to change. " (HelpGuide.org, 2013)

Unfortunately, there is no miracle cure for Learning Disabilities. For Dyslexia, Dysgraphia and Dyscalculia, the person can learn strategies for coping with it. Getting help earlier increases likelihood of success. There are Special Education Services available within every school, if a child qualifies for it the school has to provide free education support. Each child that qualifies for a special education service should receive their own Individual Education Program (IEPs) which would include
  • Listed individualized goals for the child
  • Specifies the plan for services
  • Listed professionals who will work with the child


Other individuals who have ADD/ADHD may require other treatments that can include therapy and medications.



Conclusion:

With a better understanding of learning comes a better idea of how to help students learn more and in the most efficient way, that includes students with Learning Disabilities. Having this knowledge can vastly improve the educational careers for many people, and even open more doors for the people who didn't think it would be possible for them. With time there will come an even better understanding of Learning Disabilities, Learning and the Brain and hopefully then the playing field and can leveled for all students.


Work Cited:


http://www.medicinenet.com/learning_disability/article.htm

http://www.helpguide.org/mental/learning_disabilities.htm

http://www.ncld.org/parents-child-disabilities/ld-testing/if-you-suspect-child-has-learning-disability?start=1

http://www.ncld.org/parents-child-disabilities/ld-testing/if-you-suspect-child-has-learning-disability

http://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/learning/conditioninfo/Pages/treatment.aspx