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Wednesday, December 11

  1. page home edited ... {http://www.tanagerplace.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/COE-CRIMS_small.jpg} As a class, we …
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    {http://www.tanagerplace.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/COE-CRIMS_small.jpg}
    As a class, we will create a web-­based resource for students and adults to learn about the college experience. My thinking is that this resource will help others adapt to coming to college. Others who are eager to learn about psychology and college should have access to this material for teaching and learning alike.
    You will be asked to create a wiki page on a topic related to psychology/college.
    Wiki topic choice and proposal will be due by September 3rd.
    The wiki will be due on December 3rd.
    Through your wiki, you will have the opportunity to explore a topic of your interest in psychology in greater depth. I want you to be able to explore an area that you are interested in, so I am giving you some freedom in selecting your topics. You may decide to expand topic discussed in class or in the book, create a variation of a topic from one of these sources, or choose a completely different topic.
    I just found a great example wiki - http://neurowiki2013.wikidot.com/system:list-all-pages

    Below is a listing of the summary of the categories of our projects and the individuals working on those topics.
    Category
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    8:16 am
  2. page Illness_and_family_members edited Illness and Family Members x-Effects of Illness On Loved OnesEffects of Illness On Loved Ones x-…
    Illness and Family Members
    x-Effects of Illness On Loved OnesEffects of Illness On Loved Ones
    x-Most people have had to deal with a sick loved one at some point in their life. In most cases, an ill family member is often the biggest cause of distress to a person, versus a close friend or a coworker. The connection we feel to family members is the main reasonwe feel distress when a loved one is sick. It is a natural instinct to protect family and those close to us, and when someone is ill, the stress of being helpless can cause psychological problems to the family and friends of a patient. There are many ways illness of a loved one can affect the people around them and fortunately, there are also many ways to cope with the stressMost people have had to deal with a sick loved one at some point in their life. In most cases, an ill family member is often the biggest cause of distress to a person, versus a close friend or a coworker. The connection we feel to family members is the main reasonwe feel distress when a loved one is sick. It is a natural instinct to protect family and those close to us, and when someone is ill, the stress of being helpless can cause psychological problems to the family and friends of a patient. There are many ways illness of a loved one can affect the people around them and fortunately, there are also many ways to cope with the stress
    Effects on SpouseEffects on Spouse
    -Sadness -Helplessness
    Effects on Spouse--Loneliness-Loneliness
    Effects on Spouse--Depression-Depression
    Effects on Spouse--Anxiety-Anxiety
    Effects on Spouse--Stress-Stress
    x-Financial trouble-Financial trouble
    x-Financial trouble-Spouses are oftentimes affected the most by serious illness. The idea of marriage is that two people become one, and if one is ill, it greatly affects their spouse. Sadness and helplessness are the most common emotions experienced when dealing with an ill spouse. The feeling of not being able to help your loved one and having to watch them suffer causes these feelings to occur and they can be difficult to get rid of. Depending on the situation and the person affected, one can also develop an extreme sense of loneliness, depression and anxiety. Loneliness occurs after the loss of a loved one or when a spouse is so ill that they are unresponsive and the healthy spouse begins to feel as if they are alone. Depression and anxiety can occur either while the loved one is living due the stress and sadness of having an ill spouse, or after thepassing of the patient. Anxiety**** disorders are normally brought on by the stress of watching one suffer, and also very commonly the stress that comes with financial trouble caused by excessive medical bills.Spouses are oftentimes affected the most by serious illness. The idea of marriage is that two people become one, and if one is ill, it greatly affects their spouse. Sadness and helplessness are the most common emotions experienced when dealing with an ill spouse. The feeling of not being able to help your loved one and having to watch them suffer causes these feelings to occur and they can be difficult to get rid of. Depending on the situation and the person affected, one can also develop an extreme sense of loneliness, depression and anxiety. Loneliness occurs after the loss of a loved one or when a spouse is so ill that they are unresponsive and the healthy spouse begins to feel as if they are alone. Depression and anxiety can occur either while the loved one is living due the stress and sadness of having an ill spouse, or after thepassing of the patient. Anxiety disorders are normally brought on by the stress of watching one suffer, and also very commonly the stress that comes with financial trouble caused by excessive medical bills.
    x-Financial trouble-Effects on ParentsEffects on Parents
    x-Financial trouble-Effects on Parents---Anger-Anger
    x-Financial trouble--Depression-Depression
    x-Financial trouble--Anxiety-Anxiety
    x-Financial trouble--Financial trouble-Financial trouble
    x-Financial trouble--Empty feeling-Empty feeling
    {Unknown.jpeg} Unknown.jpeg
    x-Financial trouble-Parents are also impacted greatly by an ill loved one, which in this case, happens to be a child. Parents are said to be affected the most because of the instinct they have to protect their children from all things harmful. Many parents experience deep anger over the fact that their child is suffering and they are completely helpless when it comes to helping them and keeping them out of harms way. This can lead to depression, along with many other factors of having an ill child like sadness, stress, denial, and even losing a child. Anxiety is also commonly developed because of the anger, stress, financial trouble, and constant worry that comes along with having an ill child. If a parent loses a child due to illness, these feelings often intensify and require extensive psychological treatment to help the parent come to terms with what has happened and overcome the empty feeling they face.Parents are also impacted greatly by an ill loved one, which in this case, happens to be a child. Parents are said to be affected the most because of the instinct they have to protect their children from all things harmful. Many parents experience deep anger over the fact that their child is suffering and they are completely helpless when it comes to helping them and keeping them out of harms way. This can lead to depression, along with many other factors of having an ill child like sadness, stress, denial, and even losing a child. Anxiety is also commonly developed because of the anger, stress, financial trouble, and constant worry that comes along with having an ill child. If a parent loses a child due to illness, these feelings often intensify and require extensive psychological treatment to help the parent come to terms with what has happened and overcome the empty feeling they face.
    Effects on SiblingsEffects on Siblings
    Effects on Siblings--Loss of attention-Loss of attention
    Effects on Siblings--Increased acting out for attention-Increased acting out for attention
    Effects on Siblings--Anger-Anger
    Effects on Siblings--Loneliness-Loneliness
    {images.jpeg} images.jpeg
    Effects on Siblings-Although it often goes unnoticed, siblings are deeply affected not only by the fact that their sibling is ill, but also personally. Even though it's unintentional, parents often begin to slightly overlook the healthy child(ren) because they're busy tending to the needs of the sick child. Children need attention, and when they don't receive enough attention, problems begin to arise. They will often begin to act out and throw temper tantrums, or even worse, start to harm themselves or others in order to gain the attention they feel they need. This is where the anger comes in. Loneliness is also a factor that affects siblings and can cause them to act out.Although it often goes unnoticed, siblings are deeply affected not only by the fact that their sibling is ill, but also personally. Even though it's unintentional, parents often begin to slightly overlook the healthy child(ren) because they're busy tending to the needs of the sick child. Children need attention, and when they don't receive enough attention, problems begin to arise. They will often begin to act out and throw temper tantrums, or even worse, start to harm themselves or others in order to gain the attention they feel they need. This is where the anger comes in. Loneliness is also a factor that affects siblings and can cause them to act out.
    {af17714aac16e428159fb085f2c1a54e1-617x410.jpg} af17714aac16e428159fb085f2c1a54e1-617x410.jpg
    Effects on Siblings-Effects on Non-Immediate familyEffects on Non-Immediate family
    Effects on Siblings--Tension among patient's family-Tension among patient's family
    Effects on Siblings--Strained friendships due to stress of family members-Strained friendships due to stress of family members
    Effects on Siblings--Worry-Worry
    Effects on Siblings--Community togetherness-Community togetherness
    Effects on Siblings--Rumors-Rumors
    Effects on Siblings-Although families are impacted the most by the illness of a family member, non-immediate family and family friends are also affected by the situation. They spend a lot of their time worrying about the sick patient, which can distract them from other daily duties. Tension among the patients family caused by short fuses from a lot of stress and from the pressures of making the right medical decisions for the affected person. With tension among family members, it can pass onto strained friendships because the stress of the family members is too great to handle themselves and they begin taking it out on others. There are positives that come out of the situation, however. Many times a community will come together to help a family struggling with an ill member and will assist financially, or just be there for them as an outlet to their stress. Rumors, however, often occur too, which just adds to family tension among them and among the community.Although families are impacted the most by the illness of a family member, non-immediate family and family friends are also affected by the situation. They spend a lot of their time worrying about the sick patient, which can distract them from other daily duties. Tension among the patients family caused by short fuses from a lot of stress and from the pressures of making the right medical decisions for the affected person. With tension among family members, it can pass onto strained friendships because the stress of the family members is too great to handle themselves and they begin taking it out on others. There are positives that come out of the situation, however. Many times a community will come together to help a family struggling with an ill member and will assist financially, or just be there for them as an outlet to their stress. Rumors, however, often occur too, which just adds to family tension among them and among the community.
    Work Cited
    Pakenham, Kenneth I., School of Psychology, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, kenp@psy.uq.edu.au Cox, Stephen, QUT Business School, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, Test of a model of effects of parental illness on youth and family illness, September 2012, online journal
    Emotion, American Psychological Association, 2001, Academic Journal
    Families, Systems, & Health, Educational Publishing Foundation, Family Systems Medicine vol. 1 (1) - vol. 13, 1983, Online Journal
    Medthodology: European Journal of Research Methods for the Behavioral & Social Sciences, Hogrefe Puglishing, 1614-2241 vol. 1 (1), 2005, Academic Journal

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    7:05 am

Monday, December 9

  1. page Concussions edited ... {Concussion_Anatomy.png} == Related to College Students In 2012, there were 453,347 colle…
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    {Concussion_Anatomy.png}
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    Related to College Students
    In 2012, there were 453,347 collegiate student-athletes. As concussions are a growing injury in athletics, many students may be surrounded or even be diagnosed with a concussion. Concussions have a pivotal influence in the brain's ability to function normally. A concussion has significant impact on classroom learning and college schoolwork. Furthermore, a concussion can affect a student in various ways: physically, mentally, emotionally, and by disturbing sleep. Mentally, a concussion affects a student's ability to learn and memorize and process information. On the other hand, symptoms interfere with a student's ability, physically, to focus and concentrate. A concussion causes a change in brain chemistry, which leads to struggles in school work.

    Table of Contents
    Background Information/Definition/Causes
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    Example of Serious Concussion
    Background Information/Causes
    A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that is caused by a blow to the head or body, a fall, or another injury that jars or shakes the brain inside the skull. "In fact, a concussion is one of eight different types of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) that most commonly result from falls, motor vehicle accidents, sporting accidents and wrongful firearms discharges" (Smayda, 1999). Moreover, a concussion is an immediate, but reversible traumatic paralysis of the nervous function.
    Symptoms of a concussion vary from person to person. More so than the immediate impact, a concussion involves effects that emerge several hours or days after the trauma. On the other hand with rest, most people fully recover from a concussion, anywhere from a few hours to a a couple weeks. Repeated concussions or a severe concussion may require surgery or lead to long-lasting problems with movement, learning, or speaking. It is critical for physicians to monitor secondary tissue damages, as they are frequently the origin of significant long-term effects, including brain damage, cognitive deficits, psychosocial/behavioral/emotional changes, bodily damage and biochemical changes at the cellular level (Concussion-, n.d.).
    The brain is a soft organ that is surrounded by spinal fluid and protected by your hard skull. Normally, the fluid around your brain acts like a cushion that keeps your brain from banging into your skull, but it is the rotational movements of the brain inside the cranium and the shearing forces affecting the upper reticular formation that create torque, which leads to the typical loss of consciousness. These forces also cause the brain to move in a swirling fashion and contact the inner prominence of the skull, particularly the petrous and orbital ridges and the wings of the sphenoid. Such movement makes the brain bump into the interior of the skull at the point of impact, as well as on the opposite side of the skull, resulting in contusions or bruises that damage two sites in the brain, called the coup and contrecoup injuries (Smayda, 1999). Some common ways of receiving a concussion include fights, falls, car crashes, football, boxing, and hockey.

    Symptoms
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    to mild. Most of the time there are no visible signs of a brain injury, while other times people will have obvious symptoms, such as forgetting what happened right before the injury or losing consciousness. Let’s get this straight; a person does not have to lose consciousness to have a concussion. Symptoms may
    {Symptoms.jpg}
    Balance Problems
    ...
    Sadness
    Drowsiness
    Related to College Students
    In 2012, there were 453,347 collegiate student-athletes. "By one estimate, 300,000 high school and college athletes a year get concussions" (Hoffman, 2013).As concussions are a growing injury in athletics; many students may be surrounded or even be diagnosed with a concussion. Concussions have a pivotal influence in the brain's ability to function normally. A concussion has significant impact on classroom learning and college schoolwork. Furthermore, a concussion can affect a student in various ways: physically, mentally, emotionally, and by disturbing sleep. Mentally, a concussion affects a student's ability to learn and memorize and process information. On the other hand, symptoms interfere with a student's ability, physically, to focus and concentrate. A concussion causes a change in brain chemistry, which leads to struggles in school work.

    ImPACT Testing
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    two years. "The baseline test provides a snapshot of how one’s brain functions in normal, everyday circumstances" (Sports-, n.d.). If a
    ...
    by a concussion.Theconcussion. The test modules
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    traditional neurocognitive tests.Thetests. The program measures
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    (ImPACT, n.d.). Post-Injury Testing is usually conducted once a concussed athlete is symptom-free or as early as 24-72 hours, after the injury depending on the clinician managing the athlete’s condition. Post-injury testing composite scores are then compared to the baseline scores to check if the concussion is still diagnosed or not. If post-testing scores have not recovered in sufficient time, usually within 3-4 weeks, the athlete may be referred to a neuro-specialist with advanced training in treating head injuries.
    Second Impact Syndrome
    {SIS.jpg}
    Second-impact syndrome (SIS) is a rare and dangerous result of second concussion that happens when the brain is still healing from a previous concussion. An athlete who is recovering from a concussion, but who has not yet fully recovered, is at risk for second impact syndrome. Typically, the athlete suffers post-concussion symptoms after the first head injury, see above for symptoms. Before these symptoms have cleared, which last usually days or weeks, the athlete returns to competition and receives a second blow to the head. Second-impact syndrome causes dangerous brain swelling and bleeding. Since the brain is contained in the rigid bone of the skull, this swelling causes compression of the brain. In severe cases, the brain is squeezed through small holes within the skull. This squeezing of the brain through these small holes is known as "herniation." Herniation can lead to decreased blood flow to the brain, and ultimately, to permanent disability or death. Second Impact Syndrome be preventable by removing concussed athletes from practice or play until their symptoms have gone away and the athlete is by a health-care professional or the ImPACT program (Barton, 2013) (Sport Concussion, 2013).

    Serious Concussion Example
    References
    {References.docx}
    {Media References.docx}

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  5. page Concussions edited ... Drowsiness ImPACT Testing Post Concussion ImPACT Testing is computerized exam that takes a…
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    Drowsiness
    ImPACT Testing
    Post ConcussionImPACT Testing is computerized exam that takes about 25 minutes to complete in order to measure if a concussion should be diagnosed. The ImPACT program recommends that it be administered by an ImPACT trained athletic trainer, school nurse, athletic director, team doctor or psychologist. Baseline tests are suggested every two years. If a concussion is suspected, the baseline report will serve as a comparison to a repeat ImPACT test, which professionals can use to assess potential changes or damage caused by a concussion.The test modules consist of a near infinite number of alternate forms by randomly varying the stimulus array for each administration in order to minimize the "practice effects" that have limited the usefulness of more traditional neurocognitive tests.The program measures multiple aspects of cognitive functioning in athletes, including: working memory, attention span, reaction time and response variability (ImPACT, n.d.).
    Second Impact
    Syndrome
    Serious Concussion Example
    References
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    4:55 pm

Sunday, December 8

  1. page Concussions edited ... Concussions By: Nick Elsbury == {Concussion_Anatomy.png} == {Concussion_Anatomy.png}…
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    Concussions
    By: Nick Elsbury
    == {Concussion_Anatomy.png}
    ==

    {Concussion_Anatomy.png}
    ==

    Related to College Students
    In 2012, there were 453,347 collegiate student-athletes. As concussions are a growing injury in athletics, many students may be surrounded or even be diagnosed with a concussion. Concussions have a pivotal influence in the brain's ability to function normally. A concussion has significant impact on classroom learning and college schoolwork. Furthermore, a concussion can affect a student in various ways: physically, mentally, emotionally, and by disturbing sleep. Mentally, a concussion affects a student's ability to learn and memorize and process information. On the other hand, symptoms interfere with a student's ability, physically, to focus and concentrate. A concussion causes a change in brain chemistry, which leads to struggles in school work.
    ...
    Symptoms
    ImPACT Test
    Post ConcussionSecond Impact Syndrome
    Example of Serious Concussion

    Background Information/Causes
    Symptoms
    Signs and symptoms of a concussion can range from severe to mild. Symptoms may affect a person physically, emotionally, cognitively and affect one sleep. Symptoms can include:
    {Symptoms.jpg}
    Balance Problems
    Vomiting
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    ImPACT Testing
    Post Concussion Syndrome
    Serious Concussion Example
    References
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